|窮|| 946B40 |
| 部居 || 畫數 |
|ㄑㄩㄥˊ [qiong2] .|
|V||To pursue to the limit, to exhaust: 窮究 [qiong2jiu4]↓;|
窮經 make thorough study of a classic;
窮理 to investigate to the bottom the laws of things;
窮兵黷武 exhaust all resources to build up military power, adopt a warlike policy;
窮年，窮日，窮年累日 spend years, days;
窮有生之日 devote all the remaining days of my life;
欲窮千里目，更上一層樓 ascend another storey to see a thousand miles;
窮目 as far as the eye can see.
|Adj||(1) Exhausted, hard pressed, frustrated, pushed to the limit: 窮運，運窮 hard luck;|
技窮 be at the end of one's tether, reach the end of one's power, (“exhaust all tricks”), hard up;
日暮途窮，窮途，山窮水盡 come to the end of one's rope;
窮冬 deep winter;
窮老 until old age;
see 窮困，窮愁 [qiong2kun4], [qiong2chou2]↓;
窮當益堅 the more hard-pressed, the more one must fight back;
窮寇勿追 don't push s.o. to the wall, do not press on a desperate thief;
詩窮而後工 in poetry one gains depth after suffering.
(2) Poor, impoverished: see 窮苦，窮乏 [qiong2ku3], [qiong2fa2]↓;
窮人 poor people;
窮親戚 poor relations;
窮鬼，窮漢，窮光蛋，窮措大，窮骨頭 (derog.) poor devil, miserable wretch;
窮滴滴，窮拉拉，窮巴巴的 very poor, destitute;
窮嫌富不要 (of goods) too costly for the poor and not good enough for those who can pay;
窮家富路 be thrifty at home and spend liberally while travelling;
窮鄉僻壤 a district shut off from the outside world.
|Adv||(1) Despite poverty: 窮開心，窮作樂 enjoy oneself despite poverty;|
窮逛 play about without too much cash;
窮大手 spend extravagantly although poor.
(2) Exhaustively: 窮追 pursue relentlessly;
窮治 to investigate thoroughly (a case);
|Words||1.窮愁 [qiong2chou2], adj., hard up and depressed. |
2.窮髮 [qiong2fa3], phr., 窮髮之北 (AC) up north where nothing grows.
3.窮乏 [qiong2fa2], adj., poor and needy.
4.窮盡 [qiong2jin4], v.t., to exhaust (resources).
5.窮究 [qiong2jiu4], v.t., pursue, investigate thoroughly (a case); study deeply (astronomy, etc.).
6.窮極 [qiong2ji2], (1) adv., extremely: 窮極奢麗 extremely extravagant; (2) phr., destitute.
7.窮困 [qiong2kun4], adj., needy, poverty-stricken, in straitened circumstances.
8.窮空 [qiong2kong1], adj., poverty-stricken.
9.窮苦 [qiong2ku3], adj., hard-up.
10.窮忙 [qiong2mang2], adj., kept busy making the ends meet.
11.窮民 [qiong2min2], n., the poor and destitute.
12.窮人 [qiong2ren2], n., poor people.
13.窮生 [qiong2sheng1], n., (Chin. theater) the role of a poor scholar.
14.窮巷 [qiong2xiang4]1, n., a small alley.
15.窮相 [qiong2xiang4]2, n., abject look; unprepossessing appearance.
16.窮形 [qiong2xing2], n., in 窮形盡相 (1) see [qiong2xiang4]2 ↑; (2) (of lit. portrayal) give a penetrating description (of the wicked).
17.窮凶 [qiong2xiong1], phr., 窮凶極惡 villainous without any redeeming feature.
18.窮酸 [qiong2suan1], adj., (of scholar) poor and envious, sharply critical of others.
19.窮措大 [qiong2cuo4da4], n., a penniless person (orig. wr. 窮醋大 see [qiong2suan1]↑).
20.窮通 [qiong2tong1], n., fortune and misfortune, success and failure: 窮通有命 success and failure are predestined; 窮則變，變則通 (phr.) when all means are exhausted, changes become necessary; once changed, a solution emerges.
21.窮途 [qiong2tu2], n., (lit. & fig.) the end of the road, a rough time: 日暮途窮 poor and helpless.